In a turnkey project, the contractor is responsible for the design and construction of the plant. The underlying concept of a turnkey project is such that the contractor makes the installation ready for use at the agreed price and on a fixed date. However, every client wants and must be actively involved in every phase of the project. The term is synonymous with „global contract“, „design and construction“ or „design builder“. These agreements are also known as EPC (Engineering, Procurement, and Construction) contracts. Such contracts are on the agenda for construction projects ranging from individual buildings to gated communities to the development of public infrastructure. Under a traditional lump sum contract, the owner agrees to pay the PM or turnkey solution provider to carry out a project that will be built according to the owner`s requirements and specifications. Although the owner is always informed and allowed to make recommendations throughout the project, he is less stressed because the PM or turnkey solution provider solves all the problems related to the construction of the project. Tony Merna is currently Director of Marketing and Development at J F Donelon, a civil engineering and tunnelling company based in Manchester, UK. After a first professional experience in the United Kingdom and Africa in road construction, he worked for many years in the Middle East, mainly at Ames Crosta Babcock, where he carried out the construction of water treatment plants under turnkey contract, and at Valtos Consultants.
He returned to academic life at the University of Sheffield and conducted personal research on the use of turnkey contracts, which were adopted in the water treatment industry, particularly in the UK and the Middle East. The specific responsibilities of the turnkey project manager as a list of routine activities to be carried out (as part of the overall management and overall management of the project) come from different categories classified into specific groups are listed below: Tagged with: Construction contract Example project Turnkey contract A turnkey computer system is a complete computer including the hardware, the operating system and Application(s) designed and sold to meet specific business needs. .. a contract in which the essential design originates from or is delivered by the contractor and not by the owner, so that the legal responsibility for the design, suitability and execution of the work ends after completion. with the entrepreneur .. The term „turnkey“ is treated in such a way that it simply refers to the design responsibility as well as that of the contractor. The price of turnkey projects is usually a lump sum. While it is conceivable to express prices in a turnkey contract in the form of unit prices or by reimbursement, such agreements seem rare. Nevertheless, it is not uncommon for the turnkey lump sum contract to contain a list of unit prices or prices for certain parts or components of the plant. These unit and partial prices are then used to assess fluctuations and, if necessary, also to make advance payments.
The advantage of turnkey construction over other types of contracts is that owners who have little time do not have to play an active role in the planning, procurement and construction phases. Project owners or employers only have to provide access to the site, assist in obtaining licenses and permits, and approve the phases of the project as specified in the contract. The turnkey contract has been accepted for major construction work on many multidisciplinary projects in the UK and around the world. This paper primarily examines the relevance of turnkey contracts for multidisciplinary projects and examines the form of the turnkey contract, the contractual documentation and the associated style of project management. This law determines the contractual rights and obligations of the parties, the interpretation of the contract and, with certain reservations, its origin and validity. The principle of party autonomy, recognized for most types of contracts, also applies to turnkey contracts. Therefore, the parties are free to choose the right subject to their contractual obligations, subject to certain restrictions resulting from rules of public order. These rules may relate to certain contractual subject matter (e.B intellectual property rights) or to certain aspects of the transaction (e.B interest rates, competition law and antitrust law, etc.).
A turnkey project, a turnkey project or a turnkey operation (also written turnkey) is a type of project designed to be sold as a finished product to any buyer. This is in contrast to Build to Order, where the designer creates an item to the buyer`s exact specifications or when an incomplete product is sold assuming the buyer would complete it. In the case of drilling, the term refers to an agreement whereby a contractor must complete a well to complete a well to a milestone in order to receive payment (in exchange for higher compensation after completion).  Before signing the contract, it is important to weigh the turnkey advantages and disadvantages of the project. While there are pitfalls to avoid when using a turnkey contractor, this method can typically produce superior results to DBB approaches in terms of project schedule and engineering and construction quality. With the price certainty inherent in turnkey projects, there is less risk of cost overruns. Of course, there`s a dark side to all this control. Design-build projects often take longer and can be over budget if you`re not careful.
The ability to make changes and set deadlines often causes owners to exceed their own expectations. There`s plenty to do – especially if you`re not familiar with construction. The fundamental aspect when launching the project is that the PM and team members work together constructively to achieve the short-, medium- and long-term goals and success of the project. The PM`s time is spent on both administrative and site tasks, as he is responsible for planning and executing the project during development. The tasks of the PM and site manager are determined in a phase after the call for tenders, so that there are no gaps in the on-site decision as to how the work is to be carried out. Turnkey construction: Could this be the answer to your next construction project? Many project managers appreciate turnkey contracts because they streamline the construction process from start to finish. Let`s start by looking at what a turnkey contract has to offer. After that, you will see how nebs fits into the process. In real estate, turnkey is defined as a house or property that is ready to move into for the intended purpose, that is, a fully functional home, that does not need modernization or repair (ready to move into). In commercial use, a building designed for car repair would be defined as turnkey if it were equipped with all the machines and tools necessary for that particular trade. [Citation needed] The turnkey process includes all stages of site opening, including site selection, negotiations, land use planning, construction coordination and complete installation.
„Turnkey real estate“ also refers to a type of investment. This process involves the purchase, construction or redevelopment (of an existing plot), its rental to tenants, and then the sale of the property to a buyer. The buyer buys an investment property that generates a stream of income. Similarly, this term can be used to promote the sale of an established business, including all the equipment needed to operate, or by a business-to-business provider that offers comprehensive packages to start a business.  An example would be the creation of a „turnkey hospital“ that would build a complete medical center with medical equipment installed. The project manager acts as a bridge between the owner and the contractor in the management of the contract. In the turnkey contract, the contractor appoints the project manager, who is responsible for establishing good collaboration with the project members and keeping the client informed of any changes. The PM is responsible for negotiations with the client and executes what is agreed in the contract to avoid delays. Ergo, he must be aware of all the solutions available on the market, the quality and pricing of these options in order to meet the customer`s requirements. The project manager in the turnkey contract is a challenge as the planning and construction of the project can be started by signing a single contract. The Prime Minister should demonstrate leadership skills to ensure effective cooperation that leads to a good work environment.
These types of contracts usually have three main components: the list of tasks that need to be performed by PM each day is associated with both specific activities related to the project and collaboration with the team, which implies the need for expertise and leadership skills: the main task of the contractor is to meet the completion date or if the installation is carried out in stages, successive completion dates shall be fixed. However, if the construction program is part of the contract, the client may require the contractor to adhere to the program. On the one hand, this assures the buyer that the progress of the work is sufficient to meet the completion date. On the other hand, the customer`s own production program and the coordination of the contract work with other work may require strict compliance with its program by the contractor. .